Sportal.co.nz 24.Oct.2013Getty Images
Robshaw had been favourite to be handed the role having last taken the armband for the Six Nations earlier in the year, while Northampton Saints' Tom Wood assumed the duty when the Harlequins flanker sat out the recent tour of Argentina.
However, despite leading the side to two victories in South America, Wood has been overlooked by head coach Stuart Lancaster in favour of 17-cap Robshaw.
"I'm sure he'll do a great job for us," Lancaster said. "My priority has always been to decide the captain on form and fitness.
"We want a broad leadership group, but when it came down to it Chris was the standout person".
Robshaw, who was informed of his appointment on Monday, stressed that while he was the figurehead, the England side is full of leaders who will contribute during the series.
"Every time you pull on that white shirt it's a privilege," he added. "It's a huge honour to be named captain and to lead your country. But I've always said it's not about who you are but what you do and I’ve got to make sure that I perform as a player first.
"I've never done this job on my own. There's been a core group of leaders in the group.
"Tom has been very supportive and we have a very good relationship in how we work together and push each other.
"It's that core group of 10 or 12 players that continue to drive this squad."